Oxytocin is a hormone which stimulates contraction of the uterus. It is used to help start or strengthen labor and to reduce bleeding after delivery.
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Ingredients: Oxytocin 5 iu
Packing: 1 ml Vial/Pack
Dosage: As directed By the Physician.
Precautions: Cardiac disorders, >35 years, lactation. Monitor foetal and maternal heart rate, maternal blood pressure (BP) and uterine motility. Monitor fluid intake and output during treatment. Discontinute immediately if the uterus is hypertonic or hyperactive or if there is foetal distress. Use of nasal spray may produce maternal dependence on its effects. Intramuscular (IM) administration is not regularly used due to unpredictable effects of oxytocin. Not to be used for prolonged periods in resistant uterine inertia, severe pre-eclampsia, or severe cardiac disorders. Risk of water intoxication when used at high doses for prolonged periods.
Side Effects: Jaundice, arrhythmias, bradycardia, CNS damage, seizure, retinal haemorrhage, low Apgar score, transient hypotension, reflex tachycardia, nasal irritation, rhinorrhoea, lachrymation (following nasal administration), uterine bleeding, violent contractions, hypertonicity, spasm, nausea, vomiting, maternal water intoxication (especially with slow infusion over 24 hours), prolonged uterine contractions causing foetal hypoxia and death, afibrinogenaemia, subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Contraindications: Cephalopelvic disproportion, abnormal presentation of the foetus, hydraminios, previous caesarian section or other uterine surgery, hyperactive or hypertonic uterus, uterine rupture, contraindicated vaginal delivery (invasive cervical cancer, active genital herpes, prolapse of the cord, cord presentation, total placenta previa or vasa previa), foetal distress, severe pre-eclamptic toxaemia.
Storage Conditions: Store it at room temperature and Keep away from light and children.